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MySQL and MariaDB. Which is Best?

Database Management has come a long way since the past decade. From Games applications to the government sector, databases are responsible for many of the services we utilize daily. The use of Database management is an absolute necessity in today’s IT-fuelled business environment. There’s always a debate that has been ongoing with no end is regarding whether My SQL is better than MariaDB. In this blog, we are going to compare both SQL and MariaDB in selecting the best database management and break down most important distinctions and discuss two of the key players in the database management: My SQL and MariaDB.But before going further, you need to make sure to have a clear understanding of what SQL and MariaDB are.

What is My SQL and why is it popular?

MySQL is one among the foremost versatile and widely-used options available, making it a safe choice and especially great for complex queries. MySQL is an extremely established database. As far as scalability is concern, SQL databases are vertically scalable, which means that you can increase the load on a single server by increasing things like CPU, RAM and more. My SQL is available for all major platforms, including Linux, Windows, Mac, BSD and Solaris. It is an open source and highly cost-effective, hence best for good business. MySQL may be a robust selection for any business that may have the benefit of its pre-defined structure and set schemas. For example, applications that need multi-row transactions - like accounting systems or systems that monitor inventory - or that run on heritage systems can thrive with the MySQL structure:

Features of MySQL

  • MySQL is written in C and C++ and has binaries for the following systems: Microsoft Windows, OS X, Linux, AIX, BSDi, FreeBSD, HP-UX, IRIX, NetBSD, Novell Netware, and many more.

  • MySQL is a relational database system, Client-Server Architecture, SQL Compatibility, Easy to use, scalable, Allows roll-back, Compatible on many operating systems, High Performance, High Flexibility, High Productivity.

  • MySQL is used by organizations include GitHub, US Navy, NASA, Tesla, Netflix, WeChat, Facebook, Zendesk, Twitter, Zappos, YouTube, Spotify.

What is MariaDB and why is it popular?

MariaDB is a fork of MySQL, the database structure and indexes of MariaDB are the same as MySQL. MariaDB plays a vital role and provides a drop-in replacement for organization running My SQL. It is fast, scalable and robust, with a rich ecosystem of storage engines, plugins and many other tools. MariaDB is more open and vibrant.

Features of MariaDB

  • MariaDB is written in C, C++, Bash, and Perl and has binaries for the following systems: Microsoft Windows, Linux, OS X, FreeBSD, OpenBSD, Solaris, and many more.

  • MariaDB comprises an extensive selection of storage engines, including high-performance storage engines, for working with other RDBMS data sources and offers many operations & commands unavailable in MySQL, hence eliminates/replaces features impacting performance negatively.

  • MariaDB is used by organization like Linux distributions, and more. Some organizations that use MariaDB include Google, Craigslist, Wikipedia, archlinux, RedHat, CentOS, and Fedora.

Who wins the battle MySQL and MariaDB?

Some of the similarities between these two databases are as follows:

  • Both reads and writes the same database files.

  • Both follow the same internal architecture

There are lots of differences between both the databases. Each of them has their own pros and cons to ponder. Here are all the pros and cons of both the databases.

Pros of MySQL

Here are the pros of using MY SQL:

  • MySQL is widely adopted, easy to use and offers their code as open-source feature-rich relational database management software, it's been used in various environments.

  • My SQL is quick, reliable and battle tested and has an enormous user base, which is still growing.

  • MySQL is designed with a focus on the Web, Cloud and Big Data. There are a variety of user interfaces that can be implemented.

Cons of MySQL

Here are the cons of using MY SQL:

  • My SQL has got a few stability issues.

  • Though MySQL is not for good for large sized data, it is hard to scale at the same time and not compliance to standard SQL.

  • MySQL isn't community driven and therefore has lagged

Pros of MariaDB

Here are the pros of using:

  • MariaDB has been optimised for performance and is far additional powerful than MySQL for large data sets.

  • Through the use of micro-second precision and extended user statistics, MariaDB provides better monitoring throughout.

  • Comparatively to MySQL, MariaDB supports considerably more engines (SphinxSE, Aria, FederatedX, TokuDB, Spider, ScaleDB, etc).

Cons of MariaDB

Here are the cons of using MariaDB:

  • The suitable libraries for new releases of MariaDB will not be deployed in time, which can lead to a needed upgrade to a more recent version because of dependencies.

  • MariaDB’s cluster version is not very stable.

To conclude…

When versatility, scalability and cost-effectiveness are the top concerns then MySQL is the most beneficial for a longer run, however if you require certain optimization like index condition push down, batched key access etc and speed is your main concern then MariaDB is best.

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